C
C
The musical note C, or the major chord based on C
Cadence
Final progression of chords
Cadenza
Solo passage, sometimes improvised
Calmato
Calm
Canon
The strictest form of imitation, in which two or more parts have the same melody but start at different points
Cantabile
In a singing style
C clef
A clef whose centre denotes middle C. Can be on any line, although most commonly the middle line for violas
Cello
See Violoncello
Cesura
A sudden pause or break
Chord
A combination of tones sounded simultaneously
Clarinet
Single reed member of the Woodwind family. Family alternates in key from soprano in E flat, B flat, Alto in E flat, Bass in B flat, Contra-alto in E flat and Contra-bass in B flat. Also clarinet in A and Bassett horn in F
Classical
Music conforming to certain form and structure. Usually music composed during the period 1770-1825
Clef
Musical symbol placed at the beginning of each staff, to denote which notes belong to which lines and spaces. Usually followed by a key signature and time signature
Coda
Closing section of a composition
Common time
4/4 time, four crotchets to a bar

Con brio
With spirit
Concerto
A piece for a soloist and orchestra
Con moto
With motion
Con sord
With mute
Crescendo
Increasing in volume
Crotchet
Half a minim, a quarter of a semi-breve
Cup mute
Brass instrument mute, creates a warm, closed sound
Cut time
2/2 time, two minims to a bar